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Nature in the heart of Andalusia

Cordoba's Subbetica contains various protected natural areas, most importantly is the natural park, along with the natural reserves (Laguna del Conde-Conde Lagoon), Amarga, Dulce and Jarales) and a natural area (embalse de Malpasillo-the Malpasillo reservoir) which all pertain to Cordoba's 'Humid Zones of the South', and also includes natural monuments like la Cueva de los Murcielagos - The Bat Cave, which has been declared a Natural Monument.

All of these areas are ideal for enjoying its paths which allow us to discover places of remarkable beauty and ecological richness.

Nature in the heart of Andalusia

Highlighted areas

The Subbetica's landscape is mainly characterized by the presence of marls that nourish the olive groves that extend throughout the mild relief of the zone. The karstic effects on the limestone are also responsible for the rocky ranges like the Sierra de la Horconera, with the Tiñosa peak or the Bermejo peak, as well as the Sierra de Cabra with its Picacho peak.

. Moreover, these great expansive limestones enclose in this geological Paradise.

The Subbetica Natural Park

The Subbetica Natural ParkUnder the name 'Natural Park of the Subbetica Mountains' can be found a beautiful and ecologically rich area, protected by the Junta de Andalucia since 1988, with a surface area of 31,568 hectares, irregularly spread over eight municipalities: Cabra, Carcabuey, Doña Mencia, Iznajar, Luque, Priego de Cordoba, Rute and Zuheros.

The most characteristic feature of this semi mountainous area is the beautiful limestone formations. The landscape, made up of slopes and elevations rises above beautiful narrow valleys.

Cabra mountain range

Cabra mountain rangeEspecially outstanding is the Cabra mountain range. The highest peak of this range, known as 'El Picacho', reaches a height of 1,217 meters. This area offers interesting formations such as the 'Lapiaz deLos Lanchares'.

Other Protected Spaces

Other Protected Spaces

Flora and Fauna

The vegetation is typically Mediterranean, with many ordinary and gall oaks, maples and elms. One of the great attractions of the park is the existence of numerous endemic species - iberian, andalusian, and north African, as well as local ones - and of others which flower at different times of the year, such as narcissi, irises, peonies, and orchids, as well as these there are outstandingly beautiful bushes such as the wild olive.

Especially outstanding amongst the wildlife are mammals such as the wild cat, wild boar, common fox, European hedgehog, and most unusual the 'Cabrera shrew', which, in this area is to be found in one of the most southerly locations of the continent.

Birds have a strong presence with the black wheatear, the cuckoo, the red partridge, the Lapland bunting, and on the flower-covered limestone rocks the royal eagle, the black vulture the short-toed eagle as well as the peregrine falcon are notable, the latter is the emblem of the Natural Park of the Subbetica Mountains. Other birds of prey are the common kestrel, the royal eagle owl, the owl, and the common little owl.

Interesting examples of reptiles also exist (the big-snouted adder, and the ocelot lizard) and crustaceans such as the european crab, as well as many amphibians.

Flora and Fauna
Jarales Lake (Natural Reserve)

Jarales Lake (Natural Reserve)Situated within the municipal area of Lucena it has the smallest surface area. It is surrounded by out croppings of limestone and loam. Its vegetation is fundamentally made up of tamarisks and olive groves. Its waters contain species such as the mallard duck.

 

Trekking Paths

La comarca de la Subbética contempla diferentes rutas senderistas señalizadas, que se pueden realizar a pie y algunas también, en bicicleta o vehículo a motor. Los itinerarios propuestos le ayudarán a conocer la subbética a través del senderismo, encontrando diferentes recorridos de desigual longitud y dificultad.
Disfrute de la zona en contacto directo con la naturaleza, convirtiéndose esta práctica en una actividad responsable con el entorno que nos rodea.

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Botanical Pathway Dehesa de Vargas

HomeCentro de visitantes Santa Rita
FinalEl mismo (ruta circular)
Longitud2 Km.
Tiempo2 horas (a pie) (aprox.)
DificultadMedium-Low
Botanical Pathway Dehesa de Vargas

This itinerary is reached from the A-339 road from Cabra to Priego de Cordoba, at the Visitors Center of the Parque Natural de la Subbetica, clase to the Puerto (mountain pass) del Mojon. The mute runs along the northern foothills of the Sierra de la Cabrera, and takes in sorne of the most representativa botanical species of the Parque Natural, passing through different ecological sequences until reaching an ideal formation, namely a holm-oak wood, parts of which have been cleared to form pastureland. Species such as the gall oak and holm oak dominate and add colour to this rugged spot. Along the mute, around thirty of the m a in species of the area are labelled for identification, and various signs along the way also explain the characteristics and applications of the main species. An interesting option on this walk is to go up to the viewing- point of la Cabrera, at an altitud e of 1.075 m. Take a steep path off the botanical mute to reach the mirador, where el Lapiaz de los Lanchares, the Virgen de la Sierra hermitage summit and the scenery all around can be seen.Finally the Visitors' Center itself is well worth a visit, and is the best place to obtain information about the Parque Natural.

Bailón River's path

HomeErmita de la Sierra
FinalZuheros
Longitud11 Km.
Tiempo4h 30m (aprox.)
DificultadLow
Bailón River's path

Bailon is the path of one of the most beautiful and interesting itineraries that can be done by the Park Subbticas Natural Sierras, while most known and crowded. The route passes through one of the best preserved areas of oak woods of Andalusia begins in the Polje of La Nava de Cabra (a long valley, completely flat, located at 1,000 m. high) and go down the route following part Bailon River, to the village of Zuheros.

On our way we can contemplate the waterfall Las Chorreras Fuenfra Source and the impressive rock walls and cavities of the Canyon Bailon River. Formed by vertical walls of materials limestone-dolomite, up to 100 m. slope. Some call it River and other stream, since his birth usually always carry water, but the channel now reaching Zuheros not as frequently seen with water due to soil permeability.

On our way you can see vultures and hopefully some birds of prey like the eagle Bonelli toed Eagle, and find signs and traces giving evidence that pigs live here too, foxes, rabbits, badgers, martens and weasels, among other mammals. And ending the tour can be admire the aerobatics of the chough, sometimes jackdaws and crows. The vegetation consists of Mediterranean forests: oaks, gall cornicabras, some maples mompelier, thorns, etc. and great diversity of plants aromatic. With regard to endemic species, highlights the Daffodils Bugei flower found in the Nava.

Cabra - The Jarcas fountain PR-A81

HomePunto de informacin Las Cruces
FinalZuheros
Longitud4 Km.
Tiempo2 horas (a pie) (aprox.)
DificultadMedium-Low
Cabra - The Jarcas fountain PR-A81

The route begins in Cabra, nexttothe watertanks about a hundred meters from the former railway station (now a workshop school). For the first kilometre follow the railway tracks towards Lucena until reaching a bridge, then head down to a path parallel to a stream to the right, between olive trees and blackberry bushes. From here isolated copses oftrees and scrub can be seen, including walnut, fig, hawthorn, blackthorn and rosemary. At around the third kilometre the path comes onto the Fuente de los Frailes or Friars' Fountain, a typical example of the area's fountains; nearby is an interesting Reman road, where the land was quarried to make millstones. From here there is an uphill slope of around 1.5 km, ending at the junction with the road that leads to the herm itage of la Virgen de la Sierra. The hermitage can be seen to the left, as well as part ofthe spectacular limestone formation el Lapiaz de los Lanchares. From here the route leads downhill, crossing the A-339 roa d. One kilometre further a long is the Fuente de Jarcas, officially declarad a spring in 1.958 by the Cabra town council.